Please read the full article at (with many thanks): http://www.nominedeus.co.uk/?p=844
Emphasis in red are mine.
The year is 1067 and William the Conqueror, lately arrived from parts unknown across the channel, establishes his first ROYAL CHARTER to the Corporation of the City of London….
A Royal Charter? what do we ‘the peasants’ know of Royal Charters?…
Royal charters-granted to commercial interests, professions, institutes,universities and 66 UK cities – are currently individually negotiated by the Privy Council Office with the relevant minister, indicating that they are not documents produced as a matter of mere formality or custom but are contracts which have been carefully deliberated.
So what?…well the commonly held view of such things is that they are ‘mere formality or custom’, … Nothing could be further from the truth!
Although charters are individualised, almost all create a hiearchical structure with powers and privileges concentrated at the top…
…and here comes the kicker…
Royal charters explicitly command JUDGES, MINISTERS and CIVIL SERVANTS to give favourable treatment to the chartered body, wrongdoing (including ‘non-recital’ or concealment and ‘mis-recital’ or deception) notwithstanding. That this command is not only made but obeyed can be seen in the ‘Lloyds of London’ fraud and in numerous acts of parliament.
If deception and concealment (the elements of fraud) have been contractually excused in advance at the highest level for over 900 years, then how well do standard assumptions hold up now? (my Caps,for emphasis)